In the article, we will consider possible malfunctions of the steering of a Gazelle car and troubleshooting methods

Possible steering problems without power steering

- Cause of malfunction


Increased steering wheel freeplay:

- Increased clearance in the engagement of the nut-sector pair

Adjust the engagement of the nut-sector pair

- The appearance of a gap in the propeller bearings

Adjust screw bearing

- Excessive wear of the part of the hinges of the rods and their fastening

Replace worn parts

- Increased wheel hub play

Adjust wheel bearing clearance

- Loosening the wedges of the forks and the nuts of the bipod

Tighten loose nuts

Steering, squeaking or clicking:

- Excessive wear of the screw or shaft-sector, chipping or dents on their surface

Replace screw nut or sector shaft

Weak steering column lock:

- Loosening the column locking mechanism

Adjust column locking mechanism

Increased steering force "heavy steering":

- Kingpin bushing scuff

Replace bushings and king pin

- Turning the king pin bushings in the knuckle bosses

Replace bushings and kingpin

- Pollution of the pivot bearing (when turning the wheels, a creak is heard in the thrust bearing)

Rinse the thrust bearing through a grease gun with a mixture of 50% kerosene and 50% gear oil.

Lubricate the support bearing through the grease fitting until grease comes out from under the seal

Leaking grease from the steering gear:

- Wear or loss of elasticity of the stuffing box and steering gear seals

Replace worn oil seal and O-rings

Steering column play:

- Axial movement of the steering wheel shaft relative to the casings

Replace worn steering column bearing bushings

Diagnosis of malfunctions of the power steering

- Cause of malfunction


Constant noise from the pump:

- Worn bearings

Replace bearings

The booster does not work or its efficiency is low (increased effort on the steering wheel):

- The filter in the tank is clogged

Replace the filter (on parts of engines, the filter is replaced with the tank assembly) and, preferably, the fluid

- Flow and safety valves clogged

Flush valves and pump

- The belt slips over the pump pulley

Tighten or change belt

- Liquid of inappropriate viscosity is filled (as a rule, its viscosity is low)

Change Fluid

The steering wheel turns much easier in one direction than in the other:

- Clogging of the hydraulic system

Flush the hydraulic system and booster

- Amplifier defect: destruction of its parts, valve leaks

Replace amplifier assembly

Liquid leak from the system:

- Worn oil seals

Replace oil seals

- Hose cracks, their clamps are loose

Tighten clamps, replace rods

- Leak from under the covers of the amplifier or pump

Replace gaskets, rubber rings

- Leakage through technological holes in the pump casing (squeezed out the plugs)

Press in new plugs or replace pump

- Increased pressure in the system due to the flow valve jamming in the closed position

Repair or replace pump

- Excessive liquid level in the reservoir

Take off excess liquid with a syringe or rubber bulb

Low directional stability at high speed:

- Violation of the adjustment of the bearings of the screw and in a pair of nut-rail - shaft-sector of the steering mechanism

Adjust gaps between parts