Rear suspension dependent on two longitudinal semi-elliptical leaf springs with hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers
The five-leaf spring is assembled using plastic anti-squeal pads and rubber pads under the clamps.
The front end of the spring is attached through rubber bushings 1 to the body bracket, and the rear end is attached to the earring 13.
The spring is attached to the rear axle with the help of stepladders 12 through rubber cushions 19.
Shock absorbers 4 are designed to dampen vibrations of the rear suspension.
Protruding from the shock absorbers through rubber cushions 5 and 6 are fixed to the floor of the body, and the lower ones are attached to the fingers of the spring pads.
The spring is attached to the body through the top sheet (root), the ends of which are bent into rings (lugs).
A finger with rubber bushings is inserted into the front eye of the main sheet and into the bracket of the rear spar.
The rear eye is attached to the spar through an earring that compensates for the change in the distance between the ends of the spring during the operation of the rear suspension.
Spring sheets are assembled in packages of 5 pieces (flat side up, convex side down) and tightened with a central bolt (GAZ-310221 spring is assembled from 6 sheets).
All movable suspension joints are made on rubber bushings (front and rear spring mounts, lower shock mount) or cushions (upper shock mount).
The rear axle is mounted on springs with stepladders, through clips with rubber cushions, to reduce the transmission of vibrations to the body when the car is moving.
The upward movement of the rear axle is limited by two rubber buffers installed on it at the points of attachment to the springs.
Another buffer is attached to the bottom of the car above the rear axle housing throat, limiting the upward movement of the rear axle and preventing it from hitting the body.
Shock absorbers - telescopic, two-pipe, collapsible.
The lower end (reservoir) is attached to the spring lining, and the upper end (rod) to the load-bearing elements of the bottom of the body.