Setting the ignition timing of a GAZ-2705 with a 402 engine

On the ZMZ0-402 type engine, an ignition distributor sensor (1908.3706) is installed - contactless, with a sensor (generator) of control pulses and built-in vacuum and centrifugal ignition timing controllers

The distributor sensor performs two functions: it sets the moment of sparking and distributes high voltage pulses to the cylinders in accordance with the order of their operation.

For this purpose, a slider is used, put on the shaft of the distribution sensor.

An interference suppression resistor* is installed in the slider.

Distributor 1908.3706

The switch (1313734) opens the power circuit of the primary winding of the ignition coil, converting the control pulses of the sensor into current pulses in the ignition coil.

Ignition timing

Set the crankshaft to the position corresponding to the ignition timing of 5°.

Setting the ZMZ-402 ignition timing

To do this, on the ZMZ-402 engine, we combine the middle mark on its pulley with the tide on the block cover (the end of the compression stroke of the first cylinder).

Setting the UMZ-4215 ignition timing

For the UMZ-4215 engine, we set the first mark on the pulley against the pin on the timing gear cover.

Setting the ignition timing ZMZ-402, UMZ-4215

If the distributor sensor is not removed from the engine, then the compression stroke of the first cylinder is determined by removing the distributor cover, the slider should stand against the internal contact of the cover, connected by a wire to the spark plug of the first cylinder.

Otherwise, turn out the candle of the first cylinder. After closing the hole with a paper stopper, we rotate the crankshaft.

The air that has been pushed out of the plug will indicate the beginning of the compression stroke.

Setting the ignition timing ZMZ-402, UMZ-4215Setting the ignition timing ZMZ-402, UMZ-4215

Use the “10” key to loosen the octane corrector screw

Set its scale to zero division (the middle of the scale).

Setting the ignition timing ZMZ-402, UMZ-4215Setting the timing ignition ZMZ-402, UMZ-4215

Use the “10” key to loosen the screw securing the octane corrector plate

Turning the housing of the sensor-distributor, we combine the "marks" (the red risk on the rotor and the arrow on the stator). While holding the sensor in this position, tighten the screw.

Make sure the slider is against the contact of the first cylinder cover and check that the high voltage wires of the remaining cylinders are connected correctly - counting counterclockwise from the first cylinder in the order of 1-2-4-3.

After you have done everything, check the correct ignition timing while driving.

We start the engine, warm it up and when we have already switched to fourth gear at a speed of 50 - 60 km / h, we sharply press the gas. If, at the same time, detonation (it sounds like a knock of valves) appears briefly - for 1-3 seconds - the ignition moment is selected correctly.

Prolonged detonation indicates an excessive ignition timing, reduce it by one division with an octane corrector.

The absence of detonation requires an increase in the ignition timing, after which the test must be repeated.

A more accurate setting of the ignition timing can be checked using a stroboscope in accordance with the instructions supplied with the stroboscope.

Technical characteristics of the ignition system

Cylinder order 1-2-4-3

The direction of rotation of the distributor rotor is counterclockwise

Ignition advance angle max, deg:

centrifugal governor 15–18

Vacuum regulator 8–10

0.8 mm spark plug gap

Slider resistor resistance* 5-8 kΩ

Spark tip resistance 4-7 kOhm

Resistance of the center contact of the cover* 8-13 kOhm

stator winding resistance 0.4–0.45 kΩ

* A cover with a central carbon contact is installed on part of the sensors instead of a resistor.