An external sign of wear on the valve stem seals is the short-term appearance of blue smoke from the exhaust pipe after starting the engine, as well as when braking the engine after a long drive under load

In this case, constant smoking is usually not observed. Indirect signs are increased oil consumption in the absence of external leaks and oily spark plug electrodes.

To replace the valve stem seals, the cylinder head must be removed from the engine.

Valve support

Of course, you can change the valve stem seals without removing the cylinder head.

To do this, you will need a valve support, which is screwed into the spark plug hole of the cylinder in which we change the caps.

And before changing the caps in a certain cylinder, you need to set the piston of this cylinder to the top position. In this case, you need to work with an assistant.

An assistant must support the valve. If you make a valve support, as shown in the figure, then you can do without an assistant.

You will need: the same tools as when replacing the head gasket, as well as pliers, a valve spring compressor, round-nose pliers or tweezers to remove valve cotters, a mandrel for pressing oil seals, a hammer.

Remove the cylinder head (see "Replacing the head gasket ZMZ-406 GAZ-3110 "")

Replacing valve stem sealsReplacing valve stem seals

Remove the hydraulic pusher.

It is more convenient to remove the hydraulic pusher using a strong magnet or suction cup.

Compress the valve springs with a tool, placing a suitable stop under the valve plate on the back of the head, and remove the crackers from the spring plate.

To make the plate of springs come off the crackers more easily, you can apply a light blow with a hammer on the hard bipod of the cracker.

Replacing valve stem sealsReplacing valve stem seals

Remove the tool and remove the spring plate

Remove the springs.

Use a puller to remove the oil seal

Replacing valve stem seals ZMZ-406, ZMZ-405

This is what an inertial oil seal remover looks like.

The puller shown has a mandrel on the other end to press on the caps.

Replacing valve stem seals ZMZ-406, ZMZ-405

Do not remove the cap by working with pliers or prying it from both sides with screwdrivers.

The guide sleeve, on which the cap is put on, is made of sintered metal, and its edge breaks off easily.

Replacing valve stem seals ZMZ-406, ZMZ-405

Put on the valve stem the mandrel from the set of valve stem seals, which protects the working edge of the cap from damage by the edges of the grooves on the valve stem for crackers

Lubricate the inside of the new valve stem seal with engine oil and slide the cap over the valve stem to the guide sleeve.

Install the mandrel for pressing the cap. With light blows of the striker on the mandrel, press the cap in until it stops.

Replacing valve stem seals

Remove the safety mandrel, install the springs and valve cotters in the reverse order of removal.

After installing the cotters and removing the valve spring compressor, apply a few light blows with a hammer on the end of the valve stem so that the cotters are guaranteed to be fixed in the groove of the stem.

If the skewed crackers remain unfixed, when the engine is started, the “dry” valve will fall into the cylinder, which will lead to a serious accident ai engine.

Install the hydraulic pusher.

Before installing the hydraulic tappet, dip it into a container of engine oil and press the tappet sleeve several times until air bubbles stop escaping. At the same time, the hydraulic pusher should become rigid.

Replace the valve stem seals in the same way.

Install the cylinder head and all removed components and parts to the engine.