Generator G250P2 and generators 665.3701–01 and 161.3771:
Fig. 1. Generator G250P2
Fig. 2. Electric circuit of the G250P2 generator
- G250P2 (Fig. 1) - alternating current with a built-in rectifier unit VBG-1 (or PBV-4-45), working together with a voltage regulator.
The electrical circuit of the generator is shown in fig. 2.
Fig. 3. Electrical diagram of generators 665.3701–01, 161.3771
-665.3701-01 or 161.3771 - AC with built-in integrated voltage regulators.
The electrical circuit of the generators is shown in fig. 3.
The generator is mounted on a bracket to the engine block on the right side.
The generator is driven by a V-belt from the crankshaft pulley.
G250P2 generator technical data
Direction of rotation (drive side).....right hand
Voltage (nominal), V.....14
Rated current, A.....28
Maximum current, A ..... 40±5
The frequency of rotation of the generator shaft, at which the voltage at the terminals is 12.5 V at an ambient temperature and a generator of 20 ° C, min -1:
at zero current.....900
at a load current of 28 A.....2100
Number of stator phases (star-connected).....3
Number of coils per phase.....6
Number of stator coils.....18
The number of turns in the stator coil.....13
Stator winding ..... PEV-2 wire, F 1.35–1.46 mm
Excitation coil ..... PEV wire, F 0.74–0.83 mm
The number of turns in the coil..... 490±10
Resistance of the excitation winding at 20 °С, Ohm.....3.7±0.2
Excitation winding current, A, not more than.....3.05±0.2
The force of pressing the springs on the brushes, gf ..... 180–260
Ball bearings: in the front cover.....180603–KS9
in the back cover.....180502–KS9Sh
Number of rectifier diodes.....6
Permissible current for each diode, A.....10
Permissible voltage drop at a current of 10 A, V, no more than.....1
Technical data of generators 665.3701-01, 161.3771
Direction of rotation (drive end).....right hand
Voltage (nominal), V.....14
Maximum current, A, not less than.....55 (57)
Adjustable voltage at an ambient temperature of 25±10°C, a rotor speed of 3500 min -1 and a load current of 20A when operating with the battery on, V:
- for the version "U-HL" ..... 13.9–14.6
- for execution Т.....13.4–14.1
Regulated voltage at ambient temperature from -25°C to +70°C with current change from 5A to 40A and rotor speed from 3000 min -1 to 8000 min -1 , B:
- for the version "U-KhL" ..... 13.6–14.8
- for execution Т.....12.9–14.8
Inspection of the generator start with the brushes, brush holder and slip rings.
Make sure that the brushes are intact, do not stick in the brush holders and are in good contact with the slip rings; check the tension of the brush springs.
Replace brushes worn to a height of 8 mm (for generator brushes 665.3701-01 - 5 mm).
Fig. 4. Checking the pressing force of the brushes
Measure the pressing force of the brushes (Fig. 4) against the slip rings with a dynamometer.
To measure the force, remove the brush holder, remove one brush, place the cover on the brush holder, holding it with your hand.
Then, with the end of the brush protruding from the brush holder, press on the cup of the switch balance.
When the brush protrudes 2 mm from the brush holder, measure the scale reading.
The force of pressing the springs on the brushes should be 180–260 gf.
Purge the generator with air.
Wipe the brush holder, brushes and slightly soiled slip rings with a clean cloth lightly dampened with gasoline.
Smooth heavily soiled contact rings with slight burning and small roughness (removing the brush holder) with glass paper, grit 80 or 100, turning the rotor from hands.
Do not use sandpaper for this.
Worn, burnt, or with increased runout, grind the contact rings of the generator on a lathe and clean thoroughly.
Periodically remove the generator from the car to disassemble and clean it from dirt and dust.
Inspect all details carefully.
Check the pressure of the brushes. The brushes must not get stuck in the brush holders.
Replace worn bearings.
1. The "minus" of the battery must always be connected to the "ground", and the "plus" is connected to the "plus" terminal of the generator.
Inadvertently reconnecting the battery will immediately cause increased current through the generator diodes and they will fail.
2. It is not allowed to operate the generator with consumer wires disconnected from the “plus” terminal (especially with a disconnected battery).
This causes a dangerous rise in voltage, damaging the diodes and the voltage regulator.
3. You should not check the performance of the generator "for a spark" even by briefly connecting the "plus" clamp of the generator to the "ground".
In this case, a significant current passes through the diodes and they are damaged.
You can only check the generator with an ammeter and a voltmeter.