The car has an independent pivot front suspension
Beam 2 of the front suspension (crossbar) is bolted to the side members of the body and is the supporting part for attaching the vehicle's power unit and suspension elements.
Upper 29 and lower 7 transverse levers provide independent movement of each of the front wheels in a vertical plane (when overcoming road obstacles).
In the lugs of the inner ends of the upper and lower levers, rubber-metal bushings are pressed in, through which the levers are connected to the axles and fixed on the axles with nuts.
The axes of the upper arms 29 are bolted to the beam, and the axes of the lower arms 7 are threaded pins 3 screwed into the threaded bushings of the front suspension beam.
The axes of the lower levers are fixed from spontaneous unscrewing with locking brackets 1, which are bolted to the beam bushings.
The upper arms are bolted to the buffer 28 upper arms with supports. Cups of 9 front suspension springs are screwed to the lower arms.
To the lugs of the outer ends of the levers with the help of fingers 24, the racks 22 of the front suspension are fixed with threaded hinges pressed into the heads of the racks.
The design of the upper and lower threaded hinges of the rack is the same.
Outer sleeve 26 is internally threaded and pressed into the strut head. A spacer sleeve 27 with an external thread is screwed into it.
In this case, the outer sleeve is stationary when working relative to the strut, and the immobility of the spacer sleeve in relation to the suspension arms is ensured by squeezing the sleeve strut between the levers with a finger.
The threaded joint is sealed against dirt with rubber O-rings 25.
During operation, threaded joints are periodically lubricated with gear oil through grease fittings.
Rubber buffers with 21 compression strokes are attached to the uprights.
Adjusting plates 40 are installed between the axles of the upper arms and the front suspension beam, which provide adjustment of the camber and the longitudinal angles of the kingpins.
The steering knuckles 16 are connected to the struts by pins with needle bearings.
To perceive axial loads in the pivot joints, there are ball thrust bearings 17 installed between the upper ears of the steering knuckles and racks.
All bearings are protected from contamination by rubber seals.
In operation, the kingpin bearings are lubricated with gear oil through grease fittings in accordance with the accepted frequency.
The pivots 18 in the steering knuckles are locked with pins 15. The ends of the pivots are closed with removable plugs.
The steering linkage pivot arms, brake shields 23 and disc brake calipers are bolted to the steering knuckles.
The front wheel hubs are mounted on the pivots of the steering knuckles.
The pumping hub rotates on two tapered roller bearings.
A brake disc is mounted on the hub.
On the side of the brake shield, the hub is sealed with an oil seal, and on the outside with a cap.
Adjustment of the tightening of the hub bearings is carried out with a disposable nut.
The nut is fixed on the hub trunnion by jamming the collar of the nut so that the crumpled part of the nut enters the groove of the steering knuckle trunnion.
Springs 8 of the front suspension are cylindrical.
The upper ends of the springs rest against the heads of the front suspension beam through rubber gaskets 33, and the lower ends rest against the cups of 9 springs mounted on the lower arms.
Shock absorbers 34 front suspension - telescopic, hydraulic, double-acting.
Shock absorbers are installed inside the springs.
Protruding from the shock absorbers, the upper parts of the rods are protected from dirt by rubber caps.
The upper ends of the shock absorbers through rubber cushions 38 and 39 are fixed in the heads of the front suspension beam, and the lower ends are attached to the spring cups.
The bar 6 of the anti-roll bar is attached to the spars through two pillows 12 with clips 13 and to the cups of the front suspension springs through the racks 10.
The stabilizer legs 10 are attached to the ends of the stabilizer bar and to the spring cups through rubber pads 20 and 11.