The generator works in conjunction with the relay-regulator RR 130 on GAZ-53A and GAZ-66 vehicles and with the relay-regulator RR 111 on a screened vehicle

The relay-regulator consists of three devices: a reverse current relay, a voltage regulator and a current limiter. A general view of the relay-regulator PP130 is shown in fig. 1.

РР130 regulator relay

The relay-regulator has three clamps, and the relay-regulator PP 111 has four plug-in connectors for connecting wires.

Relay-regulator RR 111 has an additional terminal "K" for connecting a discharge control lamp.

Inside the relay-regulator, the “K” terminal is connected to the yoke of the reverse current relay.

Scheme of the regulator relay and connecting it to the battery GAZ-66, GAZ-53

The electrical circuit of the relay-regulator PP 130 in connection with the generator and the battery is shown in fig. 2.

Relay Regulator Maintenance

Checking the adjustment of the relay-regulator on the car

To check, have a DC voltmeter with a scale of 20-30 V and a division value of 0.1-0.2 V. as well as a DC ammeter with a scale of Z0 amperes (preferably with a two-sided scale with zero in the middle) and a division value of 1 ampere or a NIIAT E-5 device.

Reverse current relay test

Disconnect the wire from the terminal "B" of the relay-regulator and connect the ammeter 4 between the end of this wire and the terminal "B" (Fig. 3).

Include a voltmeter Z between the terminal "I" of the relay-regulator and ground.

Inclusion diagram of devices for testing voltage regulator and current limiter

Start the engine and, slowly increasing the speed, determine the voltage at which the relay contacts close by the deviation of the ammeter needle.

The voltage should be in the range of 12.2-13.2* volts, and when operating the car in the southern regions, the adjustment should be in the range of 11.5-12.5 volts.

Reducing the number of revolutions of the engine crankshaft, determine the reverse current strength by the ammeter at the moment the relay contacts open.

The strength of the reverse current should be within 0.5-6 amperes.

Scheme of connecting devices for testing reverse current relays

Checking the current limiter. Turn on measuring instruments as shown in fig. 4.

Start the engine and bring the crankshaft speed up to 1600-2000 rpm, which corresponds to driving the car in direct gear at a speed of 40-50 km/h.

Turn on all current consumers and increase the load on the generator with a rheostat, watching the ammeter needle.

With a further increase in load, there comes a moment when, despite the increase in load, the ammeter needle stops.

The maximum reading of the ammeter will correspond to the adjustment of the current limiter. The strength of the limited current should be in the range of 26.5-29.5 amperes.

When checking the current limiter, read the ammeter readings quickly. Otherwise, 1-2 minutes after starting the engine, the charging current will be less than the value indicated above.

In order to be able to use the speedometer when checking the current limiter, jack up the rear axle and place it on stands, and place stops under the front wheels.

Checking the voltage regulator

Disconnect the battery while the engine is running. Connect the voltmeter 3 to terminal "B" of the relay-regulator according to fig. 4.

At 1600-2000 rpm of the crankshaft, the voltmeter should show no more than 15.5 volts.

If the voltage is above 15.5 volts, then adjust the regulator.

If the voltage does not exceed the specified value, turn on such a number of consumers that the generator load corresponds to 14 amperes.

The voltmeter reading should be 13.8 - 14.8 volts, and if the car is used in southern regions, the adjustment should be within 13.2-14 volts.

Faults in the relay-regulator and how to fix them

- Cause of malfunction


Battery not charged:

- burning of the contacts of the voltage regulator or current limiter.

Clean the contacts and check the adjustment of the relay-regulator

- Breakage of the shunt winding of the reverse current relay

Repair open or replace coil

- Violated voltage regulator adjustmentia

Adjust voltage regulator

Overcharged or undercharged battery:

- Voltage regulator adjustment is broken

Adjust the regulator relay

- Sintering voltage regulator contacts

Replace contact system

Sintering reverse current relay contacts:

- Installing a generator with a different polarity

Replace contact system

Remagnetize the generator, for which, for 2-3 seconds, connect the “Ш” terminal to the plus terminal of the battery and the generator case to the minus terminal

Repair and adjustment of the relay-regulator

In addition to the devices that are used to test the relay-regulator on a car, the workshop must have a test stand equipped with an electric motor that allows you to smoothly change the speed of the generator armature to at least 3000 rpm, a battery, a rheostat (tube or wire ), allowing you to create a load of up to 30 amperes in the generator circuit.

Scheme of the simplest stand for testing the relay-regulator

Scheme of the simplest stand for testing the relay-regulator is shown in fig. 5.

If the relay-regulator is faulty, then remove the cover and carefully inspect it.

In this case, you need to check:

- whether the relay-regulator is dirty as a result of damage to the sealing gasket and whether water penetrates under the cover.

If necessary, clean the parts from corrosion and dirt and change the gasket;

- are there any unreliable electrical connections, mechanical damage to parts or damage to the insulation of the coils due to their overheating.

Repair the noticed malfunctions, and replace the damaged parts;

- are there any signs of burning and contamination of the contacts.

The high contact resistance of the contacts resulting from their burning or contamination, as well as the weakening of the spring tension, are most often the causes of a violation of the normal adjustment of the relay-regulator.

In these cases, to restore the normal operation of the relay-regulator, it is enough to strip the contacts and adjust each of the devices.

The contacts should be cleaned with a file or glass sandpaper with a grit of 170.

After stripping, remove dust and small particles of soot by stretching a piece of clean, dry suede or a lint-free cloth soaked in alcohol between the contacts.

It is forbidden to use emery cloth to clean contacts;

  • - whether the resistances are working and whether their fastening is reliable. Replace faulty resistors;
  • - whether the nuts fastening the coil cores to the base are tightly tightened;
  • - whether the gaps between the contacts and between the armatures and cores of the voltage regulator and current limiter are normal. If necessary, adjust the gaps.

When measuring the gaps between the armature and the core, keep in mind that the gap must be measured from the armature to the core, and not to the brass rivet, which is designed to prevent the armature from "sticking" to the core when pulled.

Relay-regulator gap adjustment

For a reverse current relay (ROT), the gap "A" (Fig. 6) between the armature 4 and the diamagnetic washer of the core 3 should be 0.6-0.8 mm with open contacts and at the moment of closing the contacts 0.2-0 .3 mm.

The gap "B" between the contacts must be at least 0.25 mm.

Gaps in relay-regulator devices

The gap between the armature and the diamagnetic washer is changed by bending the limiter 5 of the armature stroke.

The gap between the contacts is changed by bending the rack of the lower contacts.

For a voltage regulator (RN) and a current limiter (OT), the gaps "B" and "D" between the armature and the core with closed contacts should be within 1.35-1.55 mm.

To adjust the indicated gaps, loosen the screws securing the top contact post and move it to set the desired gap.

The gap "G" at the voltage regulator between the earring and the armature should be 0.2-0.35 mm.

After assembling and adjusting the gaps, check the relay-regulator and adjust if necessary.

Reverse current relay adjustment. Install the relay-regulator on the stand and connect it according to the diagram shown in fig. 5.

Switch 3 to position "B", and switch 9 to position "G".

Turn on the electric motor and, slowly increasing the speed of the generator armature, notice at what voltage the reverse current relay turns on.

The moment of switching on is determined by the deviation of the ammeter needle.

If the switching voltage of the reverse current relay does not correspond to the required value, then adjust it by tensioning the spring and bending the spring stand.

After adjusting the relay o check the brother current several times, for which, reducing the speed of the generator armature, use the ammeter to notice the current strength at which the relay contacts open.

Voltage regulator adjustment

To adjust, switch switch 3 (see Fig. 5) to position "A", and switch 9 to position "B". Increase the generator armature speed to 3000 rpm.

Rheostat 2 to create a load of 14 amperes.

If the regulated voltage does not correspond to the required values, then it must be adjusted by the tension of the spring.

Adjusting the current limiter

Turning on the instruments and turning the generator armature remain the same as when checking the voltage regulator.

The rheostat creates a load of 28 amperes, observing on the ammeter, after which value the current ceases to increase with a further decrease in the resistance of the rheostat.

The current should be between 26.5 and 29.5 amps.

The value of the limited current is regulated by the tension of the spring in the same way as a voltage regulator.

After adjusting the relay-regulator, put on the cover and re-check all devices.