Engine lubrication system mod. 406 and 402 combined: under pressure and spray

The lubrication system consists of the engine oil sump, oil pump, full-flow filter, oil cooler, hoses and oil channels in the engine block

The pressure in the lubrication system is created by a gear oil pump.

Lubrication system diagram: 1 - oil pump; 2 - oil sump; 3 - oil pump bypass valve; 4 - thermal valve; 5 - central oil line; 6 - oil filter; 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, 17, 18, 19 - oil supply channels; 9 - fitting for the thermal valve for draining oil into the radiator; 13 - oil filler pipe cover; 15 - oil level indicator handle; 16 - emergency oil pressure indicator sensor; 20 - crankshaft; 21 oil level indicator rods; 22 - connection hole for the oil supply hose from the radiator; 23 - oil drain plug

The oil pump takes oil from the engine crankcase and supplies it to the full-flow oil filter, then the oil passes through the channels to the main bearings and from them to the connecting rod bearings.

Oil flows through a channel in the connecting rod to the piston pin.

Part of the oil flows through a vertical channel into the cylinder head, where it lubricates the valve drive parts, and from there flows into the crankcase.

Part of the oil from the oil pump passes through the oil cooler valve and enters the oil cooler, where it cools and returns to the engine crankcase.

In the engine mod. 406 oil, in addition, passes through hydraulic chain tensioners and hydraulic valve lifters.

More details can be found in the article - "Lubrication system ZMZ-406 GAZ-2705"