Checking and adjusting wheel alignment angles is necessary to ensure good stability and controllability of the vehicle and uniform tire wear during its operation

Checking and adjusting wheel alignment angles is carried out on special stands in accordance with their operating instructions.

Fig. 1. Non-adjustable suspension settings

The discrepancy between the actual values measured on the vehicle and the control values indicated below is due to wear and deformation of suspension parts, and deformation of the body.

The angle of inclination of the pivot pins back is provided for by the design of the front axle and is not adjustable.

As the load on the vehicle increases, the rearward angle of the pivot pins increases due to the deflection of the springs.

For a loaded vehicle, this angle is 3°30'±30'.

The difference in the angles of inclination of the left and right kingpins should not exceed 30'.

During the operation of the vehicle, the rearward angle of the pivot pins may change due to deflection or twisting of the beam, breakage or significant settlement of the front springs, wear of the pivot pins, bushings, etc.

To restore the normal backward angle of the king pins, replace any deformed or worn parts.

In rare cases, when replacing parts does not completely eliminate the angle deviation, use a steel wedge inserted between the spring pad and the front axle beam pad.

If spacers are used, they must be securely attached to the beam.

The wheel camber is not adjusted; it is ensured by tilting the steering knuckle axle within 1°±15' to the road plane.

Checking and adjusting the alignment angles of the front wheels of the GAZ-2705 car

During vehicle operation, the camber angle may change due to deflection of the front axle beam or steering knuckle axle. Check the camber angle with instruments.

If you don’t have the necessary instruments, then, using a square, measure the distance from the top “III” and bottom “IV” points of the rim to the vertical plane.

The difference in these dimensions at the correct camber angle should be within 4 -7 mm.

To restore the required camber angle value, find out the reason that caused the camber change.

Often such reasons are wear of the king pins and their bushings, insufficient tightening of the front wheel hub bearings, and deformation of the front axle beam.

The lateral inclination of the pivots from the vertical is 8°. It is not regulated during operation.

Deviations from the normal value of this angle may be caused by a bent front axle beam.

To restore the required angle, straighten the beam.

Adjusting the toe of the front wheels

The amount of toe-in of the front wheels is determined by the difference in size between the inner side surfaces of the tires at the level of the wheel axis.

This difference should be from 0 to 3 mm.

The wheels must be in the direction of straight-line movement.

Rotation and toe angles of the front wheels: a - lateral inclination angle of the steering axis and wheel camber; b - angle of longitudinal inclination of the axis of rotation

We place the car on a flat horizontal platform.

If there is no special ruler, you can measure the difference in distances between the wheels using a 1.5 m long rack and a caliper depth gauge.

Checking and adjusting the alignment angles of the front wheels of the GAZ-2705

We start measuring from the front side of the wheel axle.

For greater accuracy, we mark with chalk the places between which the distance was measured.

Roll the car forward so that the wheels rotate 180° and repeat the measurement between the points, but now behind the wheel axis.

Checking and adjusting the alignment angles of the front wheels of the GAZ-2705

If the toe-in value differs from the norm, then use two “17” keys to loosen the tightening of both clamps across permanent steering rod.

Checking and adjusting the alignment angles of the front wheels of the GAZ-2705

By rotating the rod, we set the amount of toe. If the rod does not turn, treat the threads of the tips with penetrating liquid

Check the amount of toe-in and, if necessary, repeat the adjustment.

At the end of the work, tighten the clamp bolts.